the principles of such organized activities are either not available
or not applicable in present day social structure. In fact, no
organised effort towards developing management principles was carried
on before the present century and most of the earlier contributions
towards increasing the efficiency of organised groups were scattered.
Another significant point in the context of the development of
thought is that the contributions have been made by practicing
managers as well as academicians. Thus the total contribution is the
result of practical experience as well as the organised researches.
If we analyze various thought from period point of view, the role of
organised researches successively increase in the development of
management principles. For the sake of analysis, the management
thoughts have been classified as:
relations approach, and
This classification is based on the grouping
of various thoughts which have similarity in the approach of how
managers get the things done. The classification in not very rigid
suggesting that the thoughts can be classified in some other ways.
Before we proceed to the study of management in an organised way, let
us have a look on the early contributions mostly in scattered way.