specialists are the chief sources of change at the work level, they
suggest planned changes at a more rapid rate than can be assimilated
by the shop-floor personal. With the introduction of modern
techniques involving accurate measurements, estimates and judgments
are replaced with clear cut targets, procedures and evaluations.
Consequently these specialists become a constant source of threat to
the feeling of security of supervisors as well as subordinates.
These men affect and often make his relations with workers more
difficult. Specialists also provide reports to management which can
make his relations to his boss exceedingly uncomfortable. Sometimes
these technical specialists short circuit supervisors by providing
information direct to his superiors who may put pressure upon him.
Each superior can request explanation form or give orders to, his
supervisors based on such information. It is possible that
supervisor is unaware of the report made by the specialists until his
superior initiates action. The result of this situation is worry
preparation of explanation and a felling of helplessness. Lacking
knowledge of techniques, convictions and enthusiasm for change, a
supervisor finds it hard t implement the planned changes. His
understanding, feelings and views are closer to those of workers than
of management. Yet the is expected and desired to function as a
member of management team.