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Internal Noise of Reduction of Noise

Internal noise is caused mostly by movement of clerks, peons and visitors through corridors and gangways, conversation between employees or with visitors, slamming of doors movement of office machineries like typewriters and calculators, ringing of telephone and telephone conversation, etc.

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External Noise of Reduction of Noise

There are various sources of external noise such as moving vehicles or machinery, street sounds, etc. Mush of it enters the office building through open doors and windows.

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Reduction of Noise of working environment

Noise of any type of loud sound is a major source of irritation and distraction to office workers. Since most office work requires a degree of concentration of mind, the office should be free from disturbing noise as far as possible.

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Type of lighting used of Source of Light

The type of lighting used, it must be

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Source of Light

There are two main sources of light

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Types of Artificial Lighting

There are five basic types of artificial lighting which are used in most of the offices.

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Artificial Lighting of office lighting

Where the position of the office building or of the rooms does not allow natural light to penetrate in sufficient quantity, artificial lighting may be used to supplement it.

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Natural Lighting of office lighting

As fas as possible, natural daylight should be utilised for the office rooms. This is both economical and good for the health of the eyes. To utilise the maximum amount of natural light, large windows, adequate number of skylights, translucent shades or diffused glass panes and bright colouring of the walls and the ceiling may be used, with advantage.

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Kind of lighting of office lighting

Proper or adequate lighting means a kind of lighting

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Office Lighting of working environment

Office work is mostly paper work involving certain amount of eye strain and mental concentration.

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Temperature and Humidity of working environment

The temperature and humidity of the office rooms should be maintained at the proper level as too hot or cold or humid atmosphere induces physical discomfort an affects the efficiency of the clerks.

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Ventilation of working environment

Proper ventilation of the office room is a problem with most office managers. In the absence of proper ventilation, the air in the room becomes stale causing stuffiness,headache and fatigue. On the other hand, blowing in of too much cool or hot air is also a source of irritation to clerks.

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Sanitation and Cleanliness of working environment

Costly furniture and equipment or a highly effective interior decoration loses much of its value unless the office is kept neat and clean.

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Guidelines of Color Conditions

It is generally recognized that certain colours are associated with certain colours are associated with certain emotions and feelings of the human mind. For instance, orange, yellow and brown colours are associated with a feeling of warmth, whereas blue and green induce a feeling of coolness.

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Objectives of Color Conditions

Usually four objectives are aimed at while using colour for office decoration purposes. These may be summarised as follows.

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Color Conditions of Interior Decoration

Because of its effect on human psychology there is today a growing tendency to use colour as a means o stimulating productivity of workers in modern offices and factories.

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Interior Decoration of working environment

The interior decoration of the office room produces a distinct effect on the psychology of office workers. Interior decoration includes colouring of the walls, colour and design of furnishings, floor coverings, etc.

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Components of office environment

The important components of office environment are

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Working environment

The efficiency of the office worker depends to a great extent on his physical and mental fitness. We have already seen that office work is mostly brain work, much of which is monotonous and repetitive in nature.

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Methods of quality control

There are three methods of quality control

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