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PLANT LAYOUT






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Techniques of Plant Layout

For an efficient layout certain basic information are required for proper planning. These can be listed as:

Click to read - Techniques of Plant Layout

Disadvantages of stationary layout

There are some disadvantages of stationary layout

Click to read - Disadvantages of stationary layout

Advantages of stationary layout

There are some advantages of stationary layout

Click to read - Advantages of stationary layout

Stationary Layout

This type of layout is used in those situations where the semi-finished and finished goods are of such a size and weight that their movement form one place to the other is not possible.

Click to read - Stationary Layout

Comparison of Product and Process Layout

There are comparison of product and process layout

Click to read - Comparison of Product and Process Layout

Requires highly-skilled labour creating difficultly in labour procurement of disadvantages of process of functional layout

Workers should be trained to operate a number of general purpose machines doing variety of general purpose machines doing variety of work and performing many specialized operations.

Click to read - Requires highly-skilled labour creating difficultly in labour procurement of disadvantages of process of functional layout

Inspection is more frequent and costlier of disadvantages of process of functional layout

Since each department performs some specialized operations, inspection is necessary before the work goes to next operation in another department.

Click to read - Inspection is more frequent and costlier of disadvantages of process of functional layout

Requires more floor space of disadvantages of process of functional layout

A large proportion of the floor space is required for service activities in comparison to the total plant area devoted to actual production operation.

Click to read - Requires more floor space of disadvantages of process of functional layout

Requires substantial production planning and control of disadvantages of process of functional layout

With increase int the size of the plant and the variety of operations it can perform the function of co-ordination of various processes and operations becomes difficult and complicated.

Click to read - Requires substantial production planning and control of disadvantages of process of functional layout

Longer processing time of disadvantages of process of functional layout

The speed of the various operations in the system is likely to be low as more time is required for material handling, transportation and inspection.

Click to read - Longer processing time of disadvantages of process of functional layout

More material handling of disadvantages of process of functional layout

Here there is no definite channel trough which all work can flow. There is too much movement of semi finished goods form one place to another inside plant enhancing the chances of material waste and higher costs of material handling.

Click to read - More material handling of disadvantages of process of functional layout

Disadvantages of process of functional layout

Click to read - Disadvantages of process of functional layout

Advantages of process of functional layout

There are some advantages of process of functional layout

Click to read - Advantages of process of functional layout

Process of functional layout

In this layout more emphasis is given to specialization or functional homogeneity on various components of the system. All operations of similar nature are grouped together in the same department or part of the factory.

Click to read - Process of functional layout

Requires heavy capital investment

In this system there is unavoidable duplication of facilities, which increases the capital investment and risks.

Click to read - Requires heavy capital investment

Supervision is more difficult

The system requires more specialized and skilled supervision.

Click to read - Supervision is more difficult

Vulnerability to production line shut down

If any machine or equipment in production line breaks down the whole production line is immobilized.

Click to read - Vulnerability to production line shut down

Product layout is of inflexible nature

The facilities are designed to perform special operations. The machines cannot be interchanged either in capacity or with regard to any other operation.

Click to read - Product layout is of inflexible nature

Disadvantages of Product or Line Layout

There are some disadvnatages of product or line layout

Click to read - Disadvantages of Product or Line Layout

Floor area is more production of advantages of product

There are not many storage spaces and inspection stations.

Click to read - Floor area is more production of advantages of product

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