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ORGANIZATION OF PRODUCTION PLANNING DEPARTMENT






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Organization Problems of the Production Planning Department

The production planning department must have the clear picture about its objectives and must be wel organised.

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Necessary Facts Required for production planning Department

The production planning department must be equipped with full fledged information in regard to the following so that it may proceed smoothly its production planning even in the time of unfavorable conditions:

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Putting Plans into Operation

Having decided when work shall be produced, authority must be given for it to commence and instructions given to get material on the move and actually to do the work. Methods for doing this vary form a copy of the customer's order to a detailed specification with part list and drawings and detailed manufacturing instructions, with all supporting documents for each part.

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Planning Problem of developing plans

So much for the tools of loading; the technique can only be learnt by practice, but there are several precepts which are generally applicable.

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Departmental and Machine Loads-Short-term of developing plans

Actual orders at some time have to be issued to the workers for production. In process and mass-production industries, where process are in continuous operation on the same product (cement, steel, margarine, etc.), this amounts to little more than instructions for starting and stopping.

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Departmental Loads-Long-term of developing plans

Unless all orders received absorb the same proportion of capacity for each department and thus preserve a balanced load between departments, it is necessary to check regularly forward loans on departments in order to preserve balance.

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Factory Loads of developing plans

In the case of orders which are quoted for delivery at a specified date or when it is necessary to build up a broad programme of the load on the works (or departments) re-presented by orders to be produced, it is necessary to load orders as they are accepted or put into the programme in the week 9or period) concerned.

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Long-term Plans or Budgets of developing plans

Production plans must, of course, be base on sale demand. When there is no positive sales programme, plans can only be based on trends.

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Developing Plans

Long-term Plans or Budgets

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Orders on Hand of facts

Finally, the Production Planning Department must know what has to be produced, and therefore must know of all orders on hand and delivery promises made. This again can be a simple or elaborate job depending on the type and number of orders.

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Records of Times and Capacities for Processes and Operations of facts

The second type of basic data which must be compiled and made available is that which has to do with processes and operations carried on in the factory. It is essential to have readily available the operations, plant required and production times for all products, parts and assemblies.

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Stock Records of Facts

In a very few of the large mass-production units, materials flow straight into production within a day or two of receipt, but nothing like this is possible in the majority of factories.

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Compiling and Recording the Facts

The science of production planning consists broadly of relating what is wanted to what is available, on a time basis,. Obviously, this can only be done if all the facts are known facts relating to what has to be produced and when, and facts relating to capacities and materials, available.

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